“A creative minority of practising Christians, Schuman, Adenauer and De Gasperi, helped Europe out of its post-war crisis by proposing a way forward based on biblical principles. They believed that democracy was either Christian, or it would become non-existent.”



Pro Patria Institute, Robert Schuman Foundation, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e.V. and 

the Office of MEP Tunne Kelam 

Friday, 08 February 2013 in the conference hall of Nordic Hotel Forum (Viru väljak 3, Tallinn)

Opening of the conference

Member of the European Parliament TUNNE KELAM has graduated Tartu University as a historian (1959). By the end of 1980s he had become one of the leading advocates for restoration of independence in Estonian society. He has been founder and member of the executive, Estonian National Independence Party (1989-1993), the first registered non-communist political party in the USSR. In 1992 he was elected chairman of the Congress of Estonia, the alternative parliament that confronted the puppet Supreme Soviet. He has been member of the Estonian Parliament (1992-2004); Deputy Speaker of the Estonian Parliament (1992-2003); chair of the European Affairs Committee, Estonian Parliament (1997-2003). Since 2004 Tunne Kelam is a member of the European Parliament (EPP) Group. He is a member of the Foreign Affairs committee, subcommittee of Security and Defense. Tunne Kelam  is one of the initiators of the European Parliament's resolution on European Conscience and Totalitarianism (2009) and EU report on Cyber Security and Defence.

Head of Estonia Office and EU – Russia Dialogue of the Konrad- Adenauer-Stiftung e. V. THOMAS SCHNEIDER is an economist (Technical University of Chemnitz and Business School Southampton Institute) and was also lecturing on “international political systems” at the University of applied sciences in Mittweida, Germany. He worked as the head of office in the German Bundestag for many years. After he founded a local branch of the young Christian democrats with friends in 1990 and has been active on several levels of the Junge Union, the youth of the CDU/CSU. Schneider represented the Junge Union also in the Youth of the European Peoples Party and is Vice Chairman of the International Young Democrat Union. He was active as elected city and county councillor in his home region and in several bodies of the CDU.

Values, Politics and Economy – an European approach

Chairman of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V. and former President of the European Parliament Dr. HANS-GERT PÖTTERING is the only Member of the European Parliament who has served continously since the first direct election in 1979 to present.  He served as the president of the European Parliament (2007–2009), Chairman of the EPP-ED group in the European Parliament (1999–2007), before Vice-Chairman (1994–1999). He was also a resident of the Euro-Mediterranean Parliamentary Assembly (2008–2009). Member of the Committee on Foreign Affairs. Former Chairman of the subcommittee on security and disarmament of the European Parliament (1984–1994). Since 2010 Pöttering is the Chairman of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung. He has been rewarded with several orders of merit in Germany, Italy, Austria et al.

Finding the Soul of Europe

Director of the Schuman Centre for European Studies JEFF FOUNTAIN is the chairman of the Hope for Europe Round Table. Originally from New Zealand, he has lived in Europe for over 35 years and carries a Dutch passport. He was director of YWAM Europe for twenty years before resigning in order to establish the Schuman Centre for European Studies, affiliated with the University of the Nations. Fountain writes an email column called Weekly Word and edits HOPE magazine. He has written several books including „Living as people of hope” and „Deeply Rooted”.

Minister of Defence of Estonia, Chairman of the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union (IRL) URMAS REINSALU worked as the chairman of IRL’s fraction in Riigikogu before the current position. Reinsalu is a lawyer by profession. All together he has been elected three times to Riigikogu, where he has been the chairman of Riigikogu’s social commission and constitutional commission. He has worked as the director of president Lennart Meri’s chancellery. Urmas Reinsalu is in the Defence League, a member of Estonian Owners  Central Union and the Union of Estonian Lawyers.

President of the World Security Network Dr. HUBERTUS HOFFMANN is Founder and President of the largest elite network for foreign and defense affairs (www.worldsecuritynetwork.com and www.codesoftolerance.com) promoting a fresh foreign policy World 3.0 and the Codes of Tolerance. He has worked as advisor in the European Parliament, the German Bundestag and the U.S. Senate in defense affairs for many years. Research Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University. Former journalist in the White House Press Corps, as Editor in ZDF and managing director of large German media companies. In 1992 he was Chairman of the Eesti Committee Report, asked by its President Tunne Kelam, about the Future of the "Baltic Hanseatic Region" (Kaliningrad; Lithuania; Latvia, Estonia) which helped to create stable democratic states in the Baltics. Since 1995 is a successful entrepreneur and investor of Euro 3,3bn in different companies. In 2012 he publish a book about his long-time mentor “True Keeper of the Holy Flame. The Legacy of Pentagon Strategist and Mentor Dr. Fritz Kraemer.”

The president of Venice International University Ambassador UMBERTO VATTANI earned a PhD in Law in 1960 and in 1962 he became Doctor of Political Sciences at Rome University. He joined Italy’s diplomatic service in 1962 and was posted at the Italian Missions to the UN (New York), OECD (Paris) and as Counselor at the Italian Embassy in London. In 1978 he became Principal Private Secretary of the Prime Minister. After a few years in London as Deputy Head of Mission, he was appointed Diplomatic Adviser to the Prime Minister and Personal Representative (Sherpa) for the G7 Summits (1988–1992). Ambassador in Germany and was later appointed Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Permanent Representative to the European Union in Brussels and, for the second time, Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He holds the title of Ehrenbürger of Bonn University and is an honorary member of the Academic Senate of the Freie Universität Berlin. Member of the Board of Trustees and honorary Professor of Tongji University in Shanghai.

Reflections on the Soul of Europe in the society

University of Tartu, prof. ÜLLE MADISE is the legal adviser of the president of Estonia since 2009. She has been the specialist and head of the public law department in the Ministry of Justice, a lecturer in University of Tartu, the advisor and head of the secretariat in the constitutional commission of Riigikogu, the Chief Auditor of State Audit Office’s II audit department and a member of the republic’s election commission. Madise was also a professor of public law in Tallinn University of Technology. She has published articles in the press and in scientific magazines. She has participated in the compilation of commented editions of the constitution in 2002 and 2008. In 2011 she was rewarded as the Year’s Guide. Madise is the editor in Chief of the commented edition of the Constitution published in 2012.

Archbishop of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Estonia ANDRES PÕDER has served many congregations of EELC: 1976–79 in Viru-Nigula and Kunda, 1979–83 in Suure-Jaani and Kõpu, 1983–90 in Räpina and Mehikoorma and 1990–2005 in Pärnu the Elisabeth congregation. He has concurrently been filling the assignments of the assistant provost of Võru deanery and the provost of Pärnu deanery and been the assessor of the consistory. Põder has merited several rewards.

Head of Cabinet of the Vice-President of the European Commission in charge of transport HENRIK HOLOLEI led the preparations for Estonia to become a full member of the European Union before commencing work at the commission in 2004. He has previously worked in the State Chancellery for a long time as an adviser for the European minister (1995–1996), the chief of the Bureau of European Integration (1996–2001; 2002–2003) and an adviser for the government and head of the EU affairs (2003–2004). During that period he was the chairman of the Senior Government Officials council that coordinated Estonia’s accession to the European Union. Mr. Hololei has worked for the government of the Republic of Estonia as the Minister of Economic Affairs (2001–2002) and been the deputy representative of the government representative in the European Future Convention (2002–2003).

Head of Research, Centre for European Studies (CES) ROLAND FREUDENSTEIN was previously Head of Foreign and European Affairs with the Berlin Office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and Director of the Warsaw Office of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. He was also a member of the planning staff for Foreign and Security Policy of the European Commission. He studied political science, Japan studies, economics and international relations in Bonn and Los Angeles. He has published on international security, Central Europe and German foreign policy.

Soul of Europe in different spheres

“Postimees” journalist EVELYN KALDOJA graduated from University of Tartu in 2007 with a Master’s degree in comparative politics. She has been working as a journalist for Postimees since 2004 and as the head of the external news since 2007. Kaldoja has also been the publisher of Eesti Üliõpilasleht.

founding secretary general De Gasperi Foundation, University of Bari Prof. ANTONGIULIO de’ROBERTIS teaches also at the University of Rome La Sapienza and the State University St. Petersburg. He was consultant on East West relations for the Italian party Democrazia Cristiana for a few years. Later he worked as secretary general of the De Gasperi foundation for many years. Today he is also Vice president of the Italian-Atlantic committee.

Individualism and collectivism

The Roman Catholic Bishop for Estonia PHILIPPE JOURDAN has been a member of the Opus Dei since 1980. He was ordained a priest in 1988 after which he joined the Holy Cross priests association. He worked as a chaplain in Paris (1988–1992) where he among other activity took part of the preparations of the World Youth Days. Later, he was a spiritual leader in Opus Dei in France (1992–1996). In 1996 Jourdan came to Estonia where he lives and works until now. He was named a general vicar in 1996. During that time he has been the priest of Pühade Peetruse-Pauluse cathedral’s congregation in Tallinn (1999–2001). He is the vice president of the Estonian Council of Churches since 2004 while he has represented the Catholic church in the Council since 1997.

Europe and Christian values in Education

Minister of Education and Research of Estonia JAAK AAVIKSOO served the Republic of Estonia as the Minister of Defence for four years before assuming the current post. In the 1990s, Jaak Aaviksoo was also the Minister of Culture and Education and the Minister of Education. He graduated cum laude in the specialisation of theoretical physics in the Department of Physics in the Faculty of Physics and Chemistry of the University of Tartu in 1976. He holds a PhD degree and has been elected the Professor of Optics and Spectroscopy of the University of Tartu. He has been a Vice-Rector of the University of Tartu and been twice elected the Rector of the University of Tartu. Owing to his achievements in research, Aaviksoo has been elected a member of the Estonian Academy of Sciences, Honorary Doctor of Turku University and a member of the Academia Europaea. For his outstanding services Aaviksoo has been rewarded with several orders of merit in Estonia, Finland and France.

The ageing Europe

Director Estonian Institute for Population Studies, Tallinn University LUULE SAKKEUS is the director and senior research fellow in Tallinn University Institute of Demography. She is a population scientist with a background in economics, sociology and demography. She has been dealing with mapping the estonian migration processes since the start of her scientific career in the end of the 1970-s. During the last decade the topics of aging and public health have been added to her research areas. Since 2011 Chairman of the Estonian Statistical Council. Sakkeus along with a colleague merited the Estonian National Science Award in the field of social sciences in 2000.

Challenges for ageing Europe

Chairman of the Parliamentary Social Affairs Committee MARGUS TSAHKNA is a politician. He is a member of Political Party Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit (IRL) since 2000. Tsahkna worked as the Secretary-General of IRL in 2007–2010, as the adviser for the fraction of Isamaaliit in Tartu City Council in 2002–2003, as the information and press officer for the fraction of Isamaaliit in Riigikogu in 2003–2006 and was a member of Tartu City Council in 2003–2007. He was a member of the previous Riigikogu as an alternate member of Tõnis Lukas. Tsahkna is a council member of SA Keskkonnainvesteeringute Keskus, a board member in NGO Tartu Kristliik Noortekodu and a member of Kindral Johan Laidoneri Selts, Eesti NATO Ühing and student corporation Sakala.


Chairman of the Pro Patria Institute and former Minister of Foreign Affairs TRIVIMI VELLISTE is a politician, diplomat and National Heritage character. He is one of the founders of the heritage protection movement and Estonian Citizens' Committees Movement. He was the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Estonia in 1992–1994, the embassador of the Republic of Estonia in the UN in 1994–1998. Velliste was a member of the defence commission in Riigikogu and one of the leaders of the Baltic Assembly, Chairman of the parliament's National Heritage union in 1999–2011. Velliste is the chairman or honorary chairman of many associations. He has been rewarded with the II class order of the State and different decorations of honor in Latvia, Poland, Norway et al.

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